European Migration Network

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The conflict in Libya may cause an increase in migration flows to Europe

According to observers, a bloody civil war is currently underway in Libya in which Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Russia are involved.

The Libyan civil war and the lack of state structures mean that migration flows from this country may get out of control. Since 2011, after the overthrow of the authoritarian rule of Muammar Gaddafi in Libya, there is a conflict between supporters of Haftar, supported by Russia, and supporters of Saraja, which Turkey supports.
A conference on this matter was held in Berlin on January 19, 2020. The leaders of Russia and Turkey discussed the suspension of arms deliveries to Libya, which contributes to the conflict. During the conference, it was agreed that monitoring of respect of arms embargoes would be strengthened. In addition to Putin and Erdogan, the President of France, French President Emmanuel Macron, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Boris Johnson, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, representatives of the countries of the region and international organizations, as well as the two main adversaries of the civil war in Libya - the Prime Minister of the UN-supported Libyan government national unity Fajiz Mustafa as-Saraj and general Haftar, ANL commander participated in the Berlin summit. In the near future we will see whether the Berlin summit had any effects or whether these were only vague words.

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