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Office for Foreigners: Legalization of stay - summary 2020

Currently, almost 460,000 foreigners have valid residence permits in Poland. Last year, this number increased by just over 34,000 persons. The epidemiological situation and the related travel restrictions encouraged foreigners to extend their stay in the country. This was especially true in case of citizens of Ukraine and Belarus, who had previously used the possibility of temporary migration to a greater extent.

  • Photo: Fotolia
    Photo: Fotolia

From 457 thousands foreigners who on January 1, 2021 had valid residence permits, the largest groups were citizens of: Ukraine – 244,2 thousand people, Belarus – 28,8 thousand, Germany – 20,5 thousand, Russia – 12,7 thousand, Vietnam – 10,9 thousand, India – 9,9 thousand, Italy – 8,5 thousand, Georgia – 7,9 thousand, China – 7,1 thousand. and Great Britain – 6,6 thousand.

In 2020, the greatest increase among foreigners settling in Poland concerned the following citizens:

- Ukraine - by 29,4 thousand 

- Belarus - by 3,2 thousand

- Georgia - by 2,4 thousand

- Moldova - by 1,2 thousand

- South Korea - by 0,5 thousand

Most foreigners have temporary residence permits, that may be issued for a maximum of 3 years - currently, 272,4 thousand people. The group of foreigners entitled to permanent residence is 102,1 thousand.  There are also 81,5 thousand registered residents. citizens of the European Union Member States.

Most of the issued residence permits are related to professional activity - in 2020 this concerned 76%. foreigners. Therefore, a strong concentration of foreigners is visible in voivodships with the largest urban centers. The most popular regions are the following voivodships: Mazowieckie - 119,000 people, Małopolskie - 52 thousand, Wielkopolskie - 41 thousand and Dolny Śląsk - 37 thousand.

Young people most often settle in Poland. About 60 percent foreigners with valid residence permits are between 18 and 40 years old, and approx. 4 percent over 60 years of age.

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